# ANNALES DE L'INSTITUT FOURIER

On averages of randomized class functions on the symmetric groups and their asymptotics
Annales de l'Institut Fourier, Volume 63 (2013) no. 4, p. 1227-1262
The second author had previously obtained explicit generating functions for moments of characteristic polynomials of permutation matrices ($n$ points). In this paper, we generalize many aspects of this situation. We introduce random shifts of the eigenvalues of the permutation matrices, in two different ways: independently or not for each subset of eigenvalues associated to the same cycle. We also consider vastly more general functions than the characteristic polynomial of a permutation matrix, by first finding an equivalent definition in terms of cycle-type of the permutation. We consider other groups than the symmetric group, for instance the alternating group and other Weyl groups. Finally, we compute some asymptotics results when $n$ tends to infinity. This last result requires additional ideas: it exploits properties of the Feller coupling, which gives asymptotics for the lengths of cycles in permutations of many points.
Le second auteur avait calculé explicitement les fonctions génératrices pour les moments de polynômes caractéristiques de matrices de permutations (sur $n$ points). Dans cet article, nous généralisons différents aspects de ces résultats. Nous introduisons des shifts aléatoires des valeurs propres de ces matrices, de deux manières différentes : indépendamment ou pas pour chacun des sous-ensembles de valeurs propres associées au même cycle. Nous considérons aussi des fonctions beaucoup plus générales que ces polynômes caractéristiques, en traduisant notre définition en termes de décompositions en cycles de la permutation. Nous regardons d’autres groupes que les groupes symétriques, tels que les groupes alternés ou d’autres groupes de Weyl. Enfin, nous calculons des résultats asymptotiques lorsque $n$ tend vers l’infini. Ce dernier résultat nécessite de nouvelles idées : nous utilisons l’accouplement de Feller, qui donne les lois asymptotiques pour les longueurs de cycles dans des permutations sur beaucoup de points.
DOI : https://doi.org/10.5802/aif.2802
Classification:  60C05,  05A16,  22C05
Keywords: symmetric group, characteristic polynomial, associated class functions, generating functions, Feller coupling, asymptotics of moments
@article{AIF_2013__63_4_1227_0,
author = {Dehaye, Paul-Olivier and Zeindler, Dirk},
title = {On averages of randomized class functions on the symmetric groups and~their~asymptotics},
journal = {Annales de l'Institut Fourier},
publisher = {Association des Annales de l'institut Fourier},
volume = {63},
number = {4},
year = {2013},
pages = {1227-1262},
doi = {10.5802/aif.2802},
zbl = {06359588},
mrnumber = {3137354},
language = {en},
url = {https://aif.centre-mersenne.org/item/AIF_2013__63_4_1227_0}
}

Dehaye, Paul-Olivier; Zeindler, Dirk. On averages of randomized class functions on the symmetric groups and their asymptotics. Annales de l'Institut Fourier, Volume 63 (2013) no. 4, pp. 1227-1262. doi : 10.5802/aif.2802. https://aif.centre-mersenne.org/item/AIF_2013__63_4_1227_0/

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